Forms of Gender-based Violence

Aktion des Leistungskurs Englisch 12


Psychological Abuse

    • attempts to frighten, control or isolate someone through the abuser’s words and actions and their persistence
    • occurs in family settings as well as in the workplace, most common within marriage or dating
    • common traits: aggressive behaviot, sudden & drastic mood swings, poor self control, manipulativ and threatening behavior, shouting
    • Effects for the victim involve: difficulty cocentrating, nightmares, moodiness, low self-esteem, depression, anxiety, insomnia


Human Trafficking

    • the trade of human beings with financial purposes
    • fooled by a romantic partner, false Job offers, tricked/sold by friends or family or Kidnapping
    • 10 to 40 million people are trafficked in a year, 51% of them are women, 28% are children and 21% are men



    • FGM is the ritual cutting or removal of some or all of the external female genitalia
    •  Found in Africa, Asia, Middle East and within communities in which FGM is common
    •  More than 200 million girls and women alive have undergone female genital mutilation
    • Non-sterile devices are likely to be used: knives, razors, scissors, glass, sharpened rocks, fingernails, Narcotics are usually not involved
    •  Effects involve: constant pain, pain and difficulty having sex, repeated infections, problems peeing or holding in (incontinence), problems during labour/childbirth, depression, flashbacks, self—harm, post—traumatic stress disorder, bleeding, cysts, abscesses



    • an act of physical and emotional violation in the form of a sexual act, inflicted on someone without the victims consent, can involve forcing or manipulating someone to witness or participate in any sexual acts
    • female victims tend to blame themselves for getting raped
    • effects include: sexually transmitted diseases, unwanted pregnancy, anxiety, depression, PTSD, insomnia
    • rapists are often repeated offenders


Street Harassment

    • an act of physical and emotional violation in the form of a sexual act, inflicted on someone without the victims consent. It can involve forcing or manipulating someone to witness or participate in any sexual acts
    • disempowers women in multiple ways
    • Consequences for women’s mental health include: fear of getting raped, men aproaching them, disgust, anger, feeling sexualized, humiliation, discomfort, trauma
    • the majority of girls in our school have benn sexually harassed


Domestic Violence

    • refers to all acts of violence between people in a current or former relationship,  includes every form physical, psychological and sexual violence
    • most common and widespread form of violence against women: victims of sexual assault in partnerships are female in 98.4% of reported cases
    • Dark figure of the cases is about 80%
    • Pandemic massively enlarged the number of people, especially women and children endangerd by domestic violence


Child Abuse

    • a person, whether through action or failing to act, causes injury, death, emotional harm or risk of serious harm to a child
    • common types of cild abuse are neglect, emotional abuse, physical abuse and sexual abuse
    • desastrous to the child’s mental and physical safety
    • causes low self-esteem, anxiety, depression, social isolation, anger management issues, drastic changes in behaviour such as mood swings or passivity



Spread awareness and seek help if you need it. Talk to your friends and make sure they are safe. Provide all the safety you feel comfortable giving. There are always options and people that want to help you and are there for you. Never feel that you are alone, because you definitely aren’t. Do not feel like you have to behave in a certain way just because it is polite. Trust your gut. And lastly: things will get better. Even if it does feel inescapable right now, things will change, they always do. It might take time and strength and asking for help, but it will change.

geschrieben von: Paula

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